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Sandro Rosell
FC Barcelona President
Tuesday, October 24, 2017

The Shabbos preceding Tisha B’Av is called Shabbos Chazon. It draws its name from the first word of the haftorah which contains Isaiah’s rebuke of the Jewish people: “I raised and nurtured children, but they betrayed me. An ox knows its keeper, a donkey the hand that feeds it, but Israel does not know - My people do not perceive.” But the prophet also shows us the way to return to G-d and to start a new life: “Cleanse yourselves, purify yourselves...desist from doing evil...learn to do well, seek justice....”

Is it possible for a person to really cleanse himself and start life anew?

And here too, the prophet assures us, “Let us reason together. If your sins be red as scarlet, I will make them white as snow” is the promise of G-d. In these prophecies we can discover the unconditional, eternal love of our Heavenly Father. Even as He instructs His prophet to admonish us, to rebuke us for our betrayal, in the same breath He also shows us how to return to Him, and He assures us of His total forgiveness.

How can any of us resist such an offer? Let this Shabbos Chazon, which ushers in Tisha B’Av, the most tragic day in the Jewish calendar year, the day when all our sins were visited upon us; the day when both Temples were destroyed and Jerusalem was razed; the day when all the major calamities that befell us throughout the centuries occurred – let that day once again become a Yom Tov” in which we are reunited with our G-d and rediscover our Divine calling.

Perhaps it is because of this that this saddest Shabbos in our calendar year is called Shabbos Chazon which means “The Shabbat of Vision”, for even in the midst of our darkness, our vision of Jerusalem and our Temple rebuilt is never lost.

POSITIVE CRITICISIM

This week, we commence the fifth Book of the Torah - Devarim (Deuteronomy) This fifth Book is also called Mishna Torah - A Review of the Torah. Prior to his death, Moshe Rabbenu reviews the entire Torah and admonishes the nation. We learn from Moshe, the master teacher, how to rebuke without alienating and offending. We live in a culture that is not accepting of criticism. “People just don’t want to hear it.” The motto is “mind your own business, don’t interfere”, so even parents have refrained from voicing their criticism.

There is no one to tell it as it is, and the damage is evident everywhere. Moshe teaches us that if you truly love someone, then admonishment is “a must”, but the words have to be couched in love. This teaching may be seen throughout our rabbinic literature which instructs those who would criticize to “push away with the left hand and simultaneously draw near with the right.”

But perhaps what is most telling is that even as Moshe recounts the names of all the places where the Jewish people angered G-d during their forty years of sojourning, he demonstrated to them the extent of G-d`s great love, for despite their rebelliousness, the Almighty always forgave them and the people flourished.“HaShem your G-d has multiplied you and behold, you are like the stars of heaven in abundance”. (Deut. 1:10)

Herein lies another lesson - we should never feel that, because of our sins, we have so distanced ourselves from G-d that we can no longer come back to Him. G-d is our loving compassionate Father, and is waiting for all of us to return to Him. Nevertheless, we dare not abuse this love. Never should we rationalize that it’s okay to sin, because G-d will forgive. Nor should we feel that we are doomed because of past mistakes. If our repentance is sincere, G-d will always embrace us and we will merit seeing our Temple in Jerusalem rebuilt in our own days. “He who mourns for Jerusalem will be there to rejoice in her”

LAWS FOR THE REMAINING NINE DAYS

We must bear in mind that this month of Av is not “mazeldik” - lucky for us. Therefore, all dangerous activities must be avoided or postponed until after Tisha B’Av. This includes elective surgery, court cases, etc. We do not listen to music or visit places of entertainment, go to the beach or swim. We do not eat meat or fowl, or drink wine (including grape juice) except for the Shabbat when all laws of mourning are suspended.

It is prohibited, cut one’s hair, buy new clothing, paint or renovate our homes. This is a time for introspection and prayer; a time when we shed tears for the pain of our people, for the pain of Jerusalem and all the glory and majesty that has been lost since the destruction of our Temple. Please note on Shabbos the laws of mourning are suspended. 

By: Rabbi Osher Jungreis
(hineni.org)