That the Women of the Wall’s (WoW) monthly visits to the Western Wall will provoke insults, spitting, and sometimes worse from a group of haredim at the Western Wall is old news. But there was another story last Friday that the media either missed or botched entirely: the thousands of Jewish women and girls who filled the area directly in front of the Kotel and almost to the back wall of the Kotel plaza, completely dwarfing the group of one hundred or so women associated with WoW. (The figure of 400 to 500 WoW given by some media outlets is patent nonsense.)
When I arrived at the Kotel a little past 7:00 a.m., there were about 25 (not 2,000 as reported by Ha’aretz) young haredi men standing on the upper level at the far north of the Kotel Plaza shouting and ruining the prayers for all those on the men’s side who had come to pray on Rosh Hodesh. (I had already heard on the radio that police had arrested one haredi man.) What surprised me, however, was that the most prominent video camera remained exclusively focused on this small group among the many thousands then at the Kotel.
The media showed absolutely no interest in the thousands upon thousands of seminary girls and older women praying on the women’s side and not raising their voices above a quiet whisper. Yet that sight brought tears to my admittedly biased eyes. There is a special purity about seminary girls found no place else in the world today.
And this group was special in another respect: It included women and girls across the national religious-haredi spectrum. The leading rabbis of the national religious world had publicly given their support for the national religious seminaries to participate as well. The Kotel thus united the leading rabbis of both the national religious and haredi world.
Somehow the media managed to mangle the presence of the thousands of girls, lumping them together with the male hooligans -- often in a single sentence (as in this paper’s front-page story on Sunday) -- as part of a single haredi protest. Yet Rabbi Aharon Leib Steinman had explicitly conditioned his permission for seminary girls to attend on there being absolutely no violence. Yosi Deutsch, a haredi member of the Jerusalem municipality, lamented in a radio interview that the boys at the Kotel were ruining the message, which was to juxtapose traditional women’s prayer with the attention-seeking of WoW.
THAT MESSAGE WAS formulated by two friends living in the Jerusalem suburb of Kochav Yaakov – Ronit Peskin and Leah Aharoni. Over the three weeks leading up to Rosh Hodesh Sivan, they created WomenfortheWall, employed their considerable skills in social media to publicize their initiative, were interviewed dozens of times by both the local and international media, and took on the WoW agenda in numerous blogs at the Times of Israel. But for their initiative, there would have been no organized women’s prayer gathering last Friday morning.
They are true heirs of Sarah Schenirer, the divorced Cracow seamstress, who founded the Bais Yaakov movement, the most influential movement in the haredi world in the 20th century. Without the approval of the Chofetz Chaim and the Gerrer Rebbe, the Bais Yaakov movement would never have grown as it did. But without Sarah Schenirer it would never have come into existence, and she led the movement.
Neither Peskin nor Aharoni are mainstream haredi. Peskin, 25, home schools her three young children, teaches women how to forage for edible food growing wild, and runs a website called Penniless Parenting, on how to keep down the family food budget, which receives 60-70,000 hits worldwide a month.
In response to the boast of WoW founder Susan Aranoff that WoW seeks to liberate haredi women so that they can “function religiously . . . without the ‘help’ of men,” Peskin describes her religious journey from her modern Orthodox upbringing in Cleveland to “quasi-chareidi” -- i.e., strict in halachic observance, a cross between “Litvak” and Chassidic,” accepting of people from different backgrounds, and open to the outside world -- including a rebellious teenage period of no observance in between. Her religious search forced her to become financially independent at 17.
Of her current life, she writes, “It was a path I chose, and fought lots of obstacles to get there. I don’t live this way because I haven’t witnessed alternatives. I’ve witnessed them and rejected them, and made the choice to live as I do because I find it the most meaningful type of life for me. Implying that I’m doing what I do merely because I’m subjugated by men is insulting to me, insulting my intelligence, insulting to the men I love, and insulting to the entire population of Chareidi women. . . . I don’t need you to rescue me. . . .”
Aharoni is firmly in the national religious camp, and makes her living as a business consultant helping “female business owners create more income doing work they love.” She too traveled a long religious path from her native Soviet Union – a path that started in a Reform Temple and included a period of time in the congregation of Rabbi Avi Weiss, a leading figure in Orthodox feminism.
She finds “the epitome of misogyny,” in WoW’s “rejection of the feminine Jewish experience.” “There is nothing more demeaning to women than positioning the male experience as the only one worth living and setting up women for an ongoing game of catch-up. . . . I have liberated myself from the need to predicate my identity on becoming ‘one of the boys.”
Peskin points out that WoW’s mission statement does not mention G-d once. WoW supporters speak of the Kotel as a wedge issue for liberal Judaism in Israel (Rabbi Eliana Yolkut in Ha’aretz); tell the BBC that Israel is no “Club Med for the Jewish soul,” convince non-Orthodox Jews that they are hated in Israel and not allowed to worship freely, even though they can pray as they want, almost any place they want, including just south on the Western Wall at Robinson’s Arch, as Conservative and Reform groups already do; and call for the Kotel to be declared a national monument, with the mechitza to be removed between 9:00 a.m and 3:00 p.m. (Anat Hoffman in the St. Petersburg Sun Sentinel).
The omission of G-d is no surprise. For Anat Hoffman, the Rosa Parks of WoW, the Kotel has no sanctity and the return of the Temple and its “sacrificial cult” is a repugnant thought. The Kotel is just the best place to attract attention.
If G-d were the addressee of WoW’s prayers, Aharoni points out, there is the tunnel on the women’s side just opposite the Holy of Holies, where no paraphernalia is needed to be heard by The One Above. A group of Jewish women has come there to recite Tehillim on behalf of the entire Jewish people in the small hours of the morning every single night since 1967. They come not to “liberate religion; they come to liberate themselves. At the wall, they polish the lenses and attain clarity of purpose.”
Those women know that just as marriage does not thrive in a glass house service of G-d is not for TV cameras.
In a post after Rosh Hodesh, entitled “Why Guys are Thugs . . .” Ronit Peskin speculated that those who attacked WoW suffer from a low self-esteem. To compensate, they need attention and an illusion of control. In that at least, the haredi thugs and the WoW have something in common.
Author Bio: Jonathan Rosenblum founded Jewish Media Resources in 1999. He is a widely-read columnist for the Jerusalem Post’s domestic and international editions and for the Hebrew daily Maariv. He is also a respected commentator on Israeli politics, society, culture and the Israeli legal system, who speaks frequently on these topics in the United States, Europe, and Israel.